The formation of computer science as an independent discipline began in the mid-1960s. 1955 Chinese universities began to establish a computer professional and computational mathematics, are affiliated to the Department of Electrical Engineering (or the Department of Automatic Control, Department of Radio Engineering), and Department of Mathematics. Some universities in the United States opened a computer programming and computer applications in engineering courses. Stanford University in 1962 set up the Department of Computer Science, but only when the start of training graduate students. 1968 to 1978, computer science tremendous progress, Department of Computer Science or Electrical and Computer Science then developed rapidly. To meet this requirement, the United States announced a representative of Computer Science, "68 courses" and "78 course, this period a sign of the development of computer science and summarize.
Means of education, in addition to undergraduate education, the concept of distance learning, the form of a correspondence, radio, television, and the development of the computer. Computer Assisted Instruction (referred to as CAI) is an advanced form of the modern audio - visual education and the educational process in the late 1950s, early 1960s. The emergence of personal computers to promote the development of CAI.
Computer science and technology is a very complex subject. Early that it originates from the electrical engineering (with automatic control and Radio Electronics), and computational mathematics. Since becoming an independent discipline, it has established close ties with many of the basic sciences and technical sciences. Not only does it make full use of the physics of the latest research results in the semiconductor, magnetic, laser, superconductivity, but also from the many branches of mathematics reasoning method and using the tools and concepts of discrete mathematics to build their own theoretical system. Its further development would also like to take biology, physiology, linguistics, management science and other aspects of knowledge, and pioneering the way for a new generation of computers and new application areas.